Explanatory Notes — Total Exports
Total Exports include all goods leaving the country (through customs) for a foreign destination. It consists of the sum of Domestic Exports and Re-Exports.
Total Exports = Domestic Exports + Re-Exports
Domestic Exports consist of the exports of all goods grown, produced, extracted or manufactured in the (trader) country (Canada or the United States) leaving the country (through Customs) for a foreign destination. Exports of imported merchandise which has been substantially enhanced in value are also included.
Re-Exports (called "Foreign Exports" in the U.S.) refer to the export of goods that have previously entered the country (Canada or the United States) and are leaving in the same condition as when first imported. Exports of imported merchandise which has been minimally processed but not substantially enhanced in value are also counted as re-exports.
Exports From Canada
Source of Data
Under a memorandum of understanding between Canada and the United States, there is an interchange of data whereby data on Canadian exports to the U.S. are substituted with data on U.S. imports from Canada. This is done to increase accuracy as imports are better tracked than exports.
- Canadian exports to the United States are collected by the U.S. as import data from Canada, converted to Canadian dollars using an average monthly rate provided by the Bank of Canada and sent to Statistics Canada for publication as Canadian exports. (Adjustments may be performed to account for differences in the way freight, insurance and other charges are handled).
- Canadian exports to countries other than the United States are recorded at the values declared on export documents which usually reflect the transaction value (e.g. actual selling price).
Export statistics are attributed to the country which is the last known destination of the goods at the time of export.
If the shipper does not know the country of ultimate destination, the shipment is credited to the last country to which the shipper knows that the merchandise will be shipped in the same form as when exported. As a result, statistics tend to be overcounted for shipments to transshipment countries such as Hong Kong and the Netherlands and undercounted for other countries.
Statistics on Canadian domestic exports are collected by province of origin and indicate the province (or territory) in which the goods were grown, extracted or manufactured. This may not always coincide with the province where the goods were cleared by Customs.
In the case of re-exports, (where the goods were originally imported into Canada and are being exported in the same condition), the province corresponds to the one from which the goods were shipped.
Canadian exports to the United States are attributed to the state of destination.
Exports From The United States
Source of Data
U.S. Census Bureau.
Under a memorandum of understanding between Canada and the United States, there is an interchange of data whereby data on U.S. exports to Canada are substituted with data on Canadian imports from the United States. This is done to increase accuracy as imports are better tracked than exports.
U.S. exports are valued "F.A.S. (free alongside ship) at the port of export", based on the transaction price including inland freight, insurance and other charges incurred in placing the merchandise alongside the carrier at the U.S. port of exportation.
The value as defined excludes the cost of loading the goods aboard the exporting carrier and the freight, insurance, transportation costs and other charges applied beyond the port of exportation.
Export statistics are attributed to the country which is the ultimate destination of the goods at the time of export. This is generally the country recorded in the "Shipper's Export Declarations (SEDs)" filed by exporter with the U.S. Census Bureau.
Not available on this site. State export data is available from the U.S. Census Bureau.
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